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1774 County Tax Return


1715-1781. Born in Guinea. Lived at Christiansbrunn with his wife Hannah and daughters on tax lists from 1773-81.

Jacob Arie

1745-1817. Born in Berbice, Guyana. Seems to have arrived in Christiansbrunn in 1762, where he lived with his family until they moved to Nazareth in 1774. Identified with his wife as "Molattos" and "free" on 1771-1773 tax lists.

Johann Beutel / Johann Beitel

1740-1840. Born in Pilgerhut, Surinam. Left Christiansbrunn for Bethlehem in September 1757 with six other boys. Seems to have lived at Christiansbrunn, with his wife and children, in 1803.

Johann Biefel

1746-1780. Born in Nazareth, Pennsylvania. Occupation unknown.

Johann Brandmüller

1736-1812. Born in Basel, Switzerland. Seems to arrived in Christiansbrunn as an assistant in the washhouse. Worked as a baker. Identified as infirm on 1773-1775 tax lists.

Andreas Broksch

1702-1790. Born in Bürgenwald in Upper Silesia, Poland. Worked as a farmer and a gardener.

Johann David Brucker

1742-1790. Born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. One of the first cohort of boys sent to Christiansbrunn, assigned to learn to be a shoemaker. Later worked as a master shoemaker. Went from Christiansbrunn to Lititz in 1769. Left Christiansbrunn again when he married on August 21, 1782.

Joseph Demuth

1748-1827. Born in Fredericktown, Pennsylvania. Occupation unknown.

Henrich Feldhausen

1721-????. Born in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. Worked as a shoemaker. Traveled with 12 others to found the town of Bethabara in 1753, which he left by 1771.

Samuel Flex

1751-1782. Born in Nazareth, Pennsylvania. Worked as a linen weaver. Entered, and crossed out, on 1781 tax preparation list.

Martin Freyhube

1720-1813. Born in Olesnica, Poland. Worked as a waggoner, cobbler, a farmer, and in the distillery.

Johann Nicolaus Funck

1720-1795. Born in Neuendorff, Germany. Worked as a plantation worker, a headmaster, and a cellar master.

Georg Wenzeslaus Golkowsky

1725-1813. Born in Cieszyn, Poland. Worked as a carpenter, an accounting officer, and a land surveyor.

Johannes Hanke

1750-????. Born in Gnadenthal, Pennsylvania. Worked as a cook and as cobbler master. Moved to Salem in 1786.

Adolph Hartman

1744-????. Worked as a smith. Moved in 1775 to Hope, New Jersey.

Andreas Holder

1731-1779. Born in New York. Worked as a linen weaver.

Daniel Kamm

1715-1782. Born in Würtemberg, Germany. Worked as a cobbler. Identified as infirm on 1773 tax list. Entered, and crossed out, on 1781 tax preparation list.

Samuel Lauck

1713-1786. Born in Anspach, Germany. Worked as a shirt tailor and a barber ("employed in House-Work" in 1756). Identified as inform on 1773-1775 tax list.

William Lister

1715-1807. Born in Yorkshire, England. Worked as a master tailor and a headmaster.

Phillip Jacob Meyer

1722-1782. Born in Würtemberg. Arrived at Christiansbrunn in September 1757 to superintend some of the boys assigned to various trades. Worked as a cobbler.

Nathaniel Micksch

1743-1827. Born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. One of the first cohort of boys sent to Christiansbrunn, assigned to agriculture. Later worked as a thresher, a miller, and a farmer. Entered, but crossed out, on 1781 tax preparation list.

Lorenz Nielsen

1715-1785. Born in Calstrup, Denmark. Worked as a carpenter. Identified as infirm on 1773 tax list.

Michael Ruch

1718-1790. Born in Bad Heilbrunn, Germany. Worked as a butcher, but also helped out within the households as he could.

Michael Ruch II

1727-1797. Born in Eckendorf, Alsace. Worked as a farmer and as a brewer. Listed as a married man on 1771-1781 tax lists, living with his two daughters (1781).

Christoph Schmidt

1714-c.1781.Born in Nuremberg, Germany. Worked as a tailor and Hexelschmitt. Came to Christiansbrunn in October 1767.

Franz Seiffert / Seyfert

1728-1795. Born in Kraliky, Czech Republic. Arrived in Christianbsrunn on 14 March 1767 to oversee the weaver's shop (Leinweberey).

Matthias Spohn

1711-1781. Born in Würtemberg, Germany. Occupation unknown. Identified as married man on 1766-1781 tax lists.

Christian Stotz

1711-1791. Born in Lauffen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Lived as a widower after 1773 at Christiansbrunn.