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Catalogs of People

These lists of people at Christiansbrunn derive from several sources. Few of them capture--or attempted to capture--the entire population of Christiansbrunn at any particular time.

The most common source is the membership catalog, a list of individuals recorded by a minister or pastor at a specified time. Sometimes catalogs were produced each year, sometimes less regularly. Some membership catalogs contain substantial information: an individual's birth date, parents' names, previous religious affiliation, trade or profession, date of entry into the Moravian church, date of first communion. Many, however, contain only a few of these categories. It is crucially important to note that the membership catalogs that survive from Christiansbrunn often do not capture the entire population of men and women living there--because most of these catalogs aim only to record the single brethren (often including youths and boys) who resided there. The married men at Christiansbrunn, as well as their wives and children, do not show up in these catalogs.

Another source made use of below are tax lists. These documents, too, only record a subset of individuals: those who fit the categories important to those who levied, or who had to pay, a provincial or county tax. So tax lists often do include married couples, which membership catalogs of single brethren would omit; but they do not mention the names of wives or of children, though they may count the number of children. Nor will such lists mention individuals who had not yet turned 21.

A few lists of the entire population of Christiansbrunn survive. Such lists from 1781, 1793, and 1795 are included below. These lists, almost uniquely, identify all the men and women--single men, husbands and wives, children of various ages--by name.

1743-1755 Catalog

This catalog lists all the single brothers in Bethlehem and Christiansbrunn: we have included here only the men and boys identified from Christiansbrunn. Two pages of this catalog seem to identify men who lived at Christiansbrunn, but nearly every individual on these two pages occur only on this list of individuals at Christiansbrunn and, in some cases, we know that they did not live there at this time. We have concluded that these two pages list single men at Bethlehem, not Christiansbrunn, although the catalog does not make this clear. We have identified these individuals, who appear on these pages but probably did not live at Christiansbrunn, in brackets.


1752 Population of Christiansbrunn (January)

This membership list includes one name that we could not identify in other Moravian sources: "John Gembold," listed among "knaben" (boys).  Another 1752 list, part of an extensive specification of land, improvements, animals, and people (BethCong 424, MAB), also contains a list of "single men at Christiansbrunn." The list is identical except that BethCong 424 does not include Johann Georg Huber and does include a name that may be "Georg Hoelder."


1758 Communion List

Single Brothers that took Communion on 8 July 1758