John Jacob Fries, 4 May 1708-93, born at Odense, Denmark. He studied theology in Copenhagen and taught in the Moravian Theological Seminary at Barby, Saxony. Coming to this country in 1753, he was appointed chaplain of the Single Brethren at Christiansbrunn and ordained a Deacon of the' Church. He began the work which led to the organization of the Moravian congregation at Schoeneck, near Nazareth, and spent the remainder of his long life in preaching and teaching at Bethlehem and neighborhood, and as assistant in the city of Philadelphia. He remained single.